Monday, April 20, 2015

MS-495 Ethics and Corporate Governance in Banks

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ASSIGNMENT

Course Code
MS-495
Course Title
Ethics and Corporate Governance in Banks
Assignment Code
MS-495/TMA/SEM-I/2015
CREDIT
4
Coverage
B1843
MAX.MARKS
All Blocks


Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.


1What are the criteria used for resolving ethical dilemma? Explain giving examples.
Answer: There are three conditions that must be present for a situation to be considered an ethical dilemma. The first condition occurs in situations when an individual, called the “agent,” must make a decision about which course of action is best. Situations that are uncomfortable but that don’t require a choice are not ethical dilemmas. For example, students in their internships are required to be under the supervision of an appropriately credentialed social work field instructor. Therefore, because there is no choice in the matter, there is no ethical violation or


2. Identify any listed bank and describe the importance of disclosure and transparency for sound corporate governance.

Answer: Corporate governance is beyond the realm of law. It cannot be regulated by legislation alone. Legislation can only lay down a common framework – the "form" to ensure standards. The "substance" will ultimately determine the credibility and integrity of the process. Substance is inexorably linked to the mindset and ethical standards of management. Studies of corporate governance practices across several countries conducted by the Asian



3. Describe the challenges facing sustainable development and examine its practical implications.

Answer: Economic, Environmental, and Social Trends: Driven by technological advances and global integration, the strong economic growth experienced over the last century has been accompanied by gains in material welfare in all parts of the world. World GDP is projected to expand by 75% between 1995-2020, bringing with it increased pressures on environmental and social resources. Governments pursuing sustainable development face the challenge of discerning how best to balance the challenges and opportunities of growth and to decouple economic growth from environmental pressures.




4. Discuss the role of corporate governance in financial sector with special reference to micro finance institutions.
Answer: The large, complex financial institutions (LCFIs) are highly levered entities with over 90% leverage. This highly-levered nature makes them prone to excessive leverage- and risk-taking tendencies. By and large LCFIs also have explicit deposit insurance protection and almost always an implicit too-big-to-fail guarantee. The presence of such guarantees - often un-priced and at best mis-priced - has blunted the edge of the debt monitoring that would otherwise exert an important market discipline on risk-taking by these firms.



5. Briefly discuss the recommendations of Kumar Mangalam Birla Committee, (1999) on corporate governance.

Answer: In early 1999, Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) had set up a committee under Shri Kumar Mangalam Birla, member SEBI Board, to promote and raise the standards of good corporate governance. The report submitted by the committee is the first formal and comprehensive attempt to evolve a ‘Code of Corporate Governance', in the context of prevailing conditions of governance in Indian companies, as well as the state of capital markets.
The Committee's terms of the reference were to:



6. Write short notes on the following:

a) The Tata DNA

Answer: The TATA boxis a DNA sequence found in the promoter region of genes in archaea and eukaryotes approximately 24% of human genes contain a TATA box within the core promoter.

Considered to be the core promoter sequence, it


b) OCTAPACE values

Answer: OCTAPACE also represents eight HRD values; ‘The eight HRD values, viz. OCTAPACE values (Openness, Trust, Pro-action, Confrontation, Collaboration, Authenticity, Autonomy, and Experimentation), give a sense of direction to the HRD function.’ An optimum level of “Development Climate” is essential for facilitating HRD. Such a climate is characterized as consisting of the following characteristics i.e. known as OCTAPACE. A



c) Japanese model of Corporate Governance

Answer: The critical distinction between the American model of corporate governance and the German and Japanese models is that in Germany and Japan large-block shareholders take an active management role to mitigate managerial shirking and misconduct. German and Japanese commercial banks are at the center of their respective corporate governance

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MS -95 Research Methodology for Management Decisions

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ASSIGNMENT
Course Code
MS-95
Course Title
Research Methodology for Management Decisions
Assignment No.
MS-95/TMA /SEM-I/2015
CREDIT
4
MAX.MARKS
60


Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.


1. Explain the concept of Research Design. Describe some important research design for research study.
Answer: A research design is the "blue print" of the study. The design of a study defines the study type (descriptive, correlational, semi-experimental, experimental, review, meta-analytic) and sub-type (e.g., descriptive-longitudinal case study), research question, hypotheses, independent and dependent variables, experimental design, and, if applicable, data collection methods and a statistical analysis plan. Research design is the framework that has been created to seek answers to research questions.

Design types and sub-types
There are many ways to classify research designs, but sometimes the distinction is artificial and other times different designs are combined. Nonetheless,



2. Examine the merits & limitations of the observation method for collecting data. Illustrate your answer with suitable examples.
Answer: Observation is a fundamental way of finding out about the world around us. As human beings, we are very well equipped to pick up detailed information about our environment through our senses. However, as a method of data collection for research purposes, observation is more than just looking or listening. Research, simply defined, is “systematic enquiry made public” (Stenhouse, 1975). Firstly, in order to become systematic, observation must in some way be selective. We are constantly bombarded by huge amounts of sensory information. Human beings are good at selectively attending to what is perceived as most useful to us.


3. What is the meaning of measurement in research? What difference does it make whether we measure in terms of a nominal, ordinal, interval or ratio scale?

Answer: Measurement is at the core of doing research. Measurement is the assignment of numbers to things. In almost all research, everything has to be reduced to numbers eventually. Precision and exactness in measurement are vitally important. The measures are what are actually used to test the hypotheses. A researcher needs good measures for both independent and dependent variables.




4. Assume a research topic of your choice and give the complete format of its research report.
Answer:
Appendices
Most reports have at least one appendix section to allow you to include data, figures and calculations without breaking the flow of the main body of the report. Most scientists reading your report will not be too interested in the exact details, only the results.
The appendix, however, allows somebody interested in your results to check your research more thoroughly. Whilst it can be regarded as a 'dumping ground' for peripheral information and raw data, it should still be structured properly and referred to in



5. A chain of departmental stores opened three stores in Mumbai. The management wants to compare the sales of the three stores over a six day long promotional period. The relevant data is given below.
Store ‘A’ Sales
Store ‘B’ Sales
Store ‘C’ Sales
16
17
21
18
19
29
20
20
21
22
25
28
23
24
26
27
29
30

Use the Kruskal-Wallis test to compare the equality of mean sales in all the three stores.

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MS-43 Management Control Systems

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ASSIGNMENT

Course Code
MS-43
Course Title
Management Control Systems
Assignment No.
43/SEM-I/2015
Assignment Coverage
All Blocks

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.


1. ‘New Management techniques such as Total Quality Management, Just in Time are in tune with the conceptual foundations of Management Control Systems’. Explain
Answer: Performance appraisal is a formal, structured system that compares employee performance to established standards. Assessment of job performance is shared with employees being appraised through one of several primary methods of performance appraisals. Elements in performance appraisal methods are tailored to the organization's employees, jobs, and structure. They include objective criteria for measuring employee performance and ratings that summarize how well the employee is doing. Successful appraisal methods have clearly defined and explicitly communicated standards or expectations of employee performance on the job.



2. ‘Every responsibility center manager in an organization is an expense center manager also’. Do you agree with this statement and if so, try to explain the same by giving examples.

Answer: Responsibility budgeting became a codified practice beginning with Peter Drucker's exposition in the Concept of the Corporation in the 1940s. Over the past half century, the practice has been elaborated upon in the expansive accounting literature on managerial control and in the literature on strategic management. However, it antecedents are


3. Select any organization of your choice and study the long-term compensation plans of that organization? Give your views on the existing compensation plans that are being practiced by that organization.

Answer: Compensation is a systematic approach to providing monetary value and other benefits to employees in exchange for their work and service. But pay and conditions becomes amore complicated issue for multinational companies which operate across different locations and cultures, and who employ an increasingly diverse range of




4. As a manager of a multinational company what are the difficulties that you may be confronted with while adopting management control practices across various countries.

Answer: The systems management approach emphasizes the importance of educating managers to understand the overall system so that they will realize how actions in their department affect other units. An organization can be likened to a mobile: if you touch one part, the entire apparatus swings into motion. For example, the hiring of a single individual into a marketing department is bound to have some degree of impact on other divisions of the organization

5. Study the ‘Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore’ Case given in Block 5 of this course and answer the questions given at the end of the case.

Answer: History of the College: The Christian Medical College and Hospital Vellore, were foudned by Dr. Ida S. Scudder, the daughter of a medical missionary and are now managed by the Christain Medical College Vellore Association, a private inter-denominational Christian Organisation whose aim, as quoted from the Memorandum of Association of the

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MS-24 Employment Relations

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ASSIGNMENT

Course Code
MS-24
Course Title
Employment Relations
Assignment Code
MS-24 /TMA/SEM - I/2015
CREDIT
4
MAX.MARKS
60

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.


1 Describe the factors responsible for the evolution of Indian Labour policy. Discuss the recent developments in the field of industrial relations in India.
Answer: The history of labour legislation in India is naturally interwoven with the history of British colonialism. Considerations of British political economy were naturally paramount in shaping some of these early laws. In the beginning it was difficult to get enough regular Indian workers to run British establishments and hence laws for indenturing workers became necessary. This was obviously labour legislation in order to protect the interests of British employers.

The organised and the unorganized




2. Describe the Structure of trade unions in India. Discuss the methods of verification of union membership and state the advantage and disadvantages of each of these methods.
Answer: In India, the structure of trade union consists of three levels: plant/shop or local, the state and the centre. It is generally from the central level that the ideology of the important central federations of labour in India percolates down to the state and




3. Discuss the factors responsible for the future of participative schemes in India. What suggestions would you like to offer to make the participative schemes work effectively?
Answer: Participative management is an effective decision making tool. It is often the managers who implement it the wrong way.
·         Participative management calls for a change and this change can not come overnight. You require patience and consistency before employees realize the usefulness of the management style.
·         There are other problems that often arise with the



4. Define grievance and discuss the role of Human Resource department in grievance handling. Explain various approaches of grievance resolution, in your opinion which approach is most effective and why?
Answer: Grievance is formal complaint which demonstrates any kind of dissatisfaction in an employee, arising out of the factors which are related to his job. The communication of grievances should be done formally. It can be communicated via:
·         A written document
·         E-mail.
The organizations which allow the employees to see the top level executives directly with their grievances are called to have “Open Door Policy”.




5. Explain various cultural aspects of employment relations. Discuss the recent developments in employment relations. How power and authority would play a role in industrial relations? Explain.
Answer: Employee relations generally deal with avoiding and resolving issues concerning individuals which might arise out of or influence the work scenario. Strong employee relation depends upon healthy and safe work environment, cent percent involvement and commitment of all employees, incentives for employee motivation, and effective communication system in the organization. Healthy employee relations lead to more efficient, motivated and

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MS - 11 Strategic Management

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ASSIGNMENT

Course Code
MS - 11
SEMESTER
IV
Course Title
Strategic Management
Assignment No.
11/TMA/SEM-I/2015
CREDIT
4
MAX.MARKS
60


Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

1. Explain how the concept of leverage stretch and fit positions the firm in the market. Illustrate your answer with the help of examples.
Answer: Today’s business landscape has changed, fundamentally… tomorrow’s environment will be different, but none the less–rich in possibilities for those who are prepared–strategic thinking is the new normal.
Strategic thinking is about focusing on higher level business strategies by finding, and subsequently, developing opportunities to create value. It’s a way to focus on and understand the fundamental drivers of your business and continuously challenge the conventional thinking about those drivers. Another way to view strategic thinking is brainstorming and applying ‘


2. What are ‘Strategic groups’? Explain how the strategic groups help the organizations in understanding the competition within the industry.
Answer: A strategic group is a concept used in strategic management that groups companies within an industry that have similar business models or similar combinations of strategies. For example, the restaurant industry can be divided into several strategic groups including fast-food and fine-dining based on variables such as preparation time, pricing, and presentation. The number of groups within an industry and their composition depends on the


3. Discuss the additional consideration for using experience curve effect.

Answer: Experience and learning curve models are developed from the basic premise that individuals and organizations acquire knowledge by doing work. By gaining experience through repetition, organizations and individuals develop relatively permanent changes in behavior or learning. As additional transactions occur in a service, or more products are produced by a manufacturer, the per-unit cost often decreases at a decreasing rate. This phenomenon follows an exponential curve. The organization thus gains competitive advantage by converting



4. Chose an organization of your choice, which is expanding. Explain which type of intensification strategy the organization is following and why.

Answer: A marketing plan is a written document that details the necessary actions to achieve one or more marketing objectives. It can be for a product or Service (economics)|service, a brand, or a product line. Marketing plans cover between one and five years.

A marketing plan may be part of an overall business




5. Explain as to how the quality strategic decisions are affected with the change in leadership. Illustrate your answer with the help of a real world example.
Answer: As the number of strategic dimensions and corresponding initiatives increases, so does the pressure on leadership. Not surprisingly, our work in many industries with companies of all sizes has shown that high-performers, especially those with lofty aspirations, have the most difficulty meeting their leadership needs. Of course, companies that perform poorly are also lacking in leadership capacity. The higher a company's aspirations or the more radical its shift in strategic direction, the larger the leadership gap. This rule holds true for high

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